About the medical properties of this plant Avicenna wrote in his «Canon of medical science». He noted that Melissa energizes and strengthens the body, helps with brain occlusion and removes bad odor from mouth.
Melissa is prized for its delicate lemon fragrance. Leaves and young plants contain essential oils, vitamin C, carotene, tanning substances and organic acids. Melissa is characterized for bactericidal properties.
Melissa is helpful in diets. In the pharmaceutical industry galenical drugs are prepared from Melissa in the form of medicinal teas, aromatic water and broth. Young leaves are used as an anticonvulsant, cardiovascular, sedative, anodyne and anti-influenza, also as anti – vomiting for pregnant women, diuretic and appetite increasing remedy.
It is applied as a spasmolytic remedy that regulates the work of the digestive tract, especially in flatulence, insomnia, painful menstruation, skin rashes. Externally Melissa is used as lotions and compresses for the treatment of furuncle and mouth washing. In traditional medicine the leaves and flowers are consumed to help with tachycardia, hypertension, bronchial ASME, neuralgia, anemia, melancholy, with over excitation of sexual functions, algomenrhoia, also serves as laxative, used with cholecystitis, atherosclerosis and to enhance lactation. In the old days Melissa was used to improve memory.
Melissa and its broths are recommended to lessen the pain of menstruation, monthly stimulation, pregnancy toxicosis and menopause. Melissa’s extract is useful for spasmodic phenomena and galvanic effects reduction, for improvement of the appetite, while having high temperature, sore throat.
Thanks to the essential oils Melissa has a peculiar sweet smell and taste. At room temperature essential oils have a liquid consistency. If you slightly warm them up, they can easily evaporate. That is why you shouldn’t dry the leaves of Melissa at high temperature. Rapid evaporation however has its advantages: essential oils are suitable for inhalation. When inhaled, they easily enter the lungs and have a cleansing and anti-inflammatory effect.
Melissa contains 0,1-0,3% of essential oil, the main components of which are tsitronellal, geraniol, citral, tsitrnellol, linalool, tanning substances (rosemary acid), bitter, coffee hlorogenic acids, flavonoids, resins and mucus. Some farms that are involved in breeding may increase the amount of essential oils up to 0.8%.
In addition, the leaves of Melissa has carotene (7 mg%) and vitamin C (150 mg%).